Deicer Scaling Resistance of Concrete Mixtures Containing Slag Cement

Project Status


Start Date: 04/15/2010
End Date: 03/31/2014


Principal Investigator(s)


  • Federal Highway Administration Transportation Pooled Fund


About the Research

Concern has been expressed about the deicer scaling resistance of concrete containing slag, especially when the dosage of slag exceeds 50% of the total cementitious material in the mixture. Much of the concern appears to be based on the results of laboratory scaling tests based on ASTM C 672, despite indications that such mixtures often perform well in the field.

The initial phase of this study showed that construction-related issues played a bigger role in the observed scaling performance than did the amount of slag in the concrete mixture. The work also indicated that the test method (ASTM C 672) may be more severe than most environments. A second phase developed an alternative laboratory test method to ASTM C 672 that would better represent the field performance of concretes, based on a method from the Canadian Quebec Ministry of Transportation.

The work described in this report was to repeat some tests using similar materials in a second laboratory to evaluate repeatability of the test methods.