Pavement Preservation

This page provides links to recent and relevant online publications and videos related to concrete pavement preservation. They include items from many sources, but the list is not comprehensive. (Suggestions for items to add to this list are welcome; contact Marcia Brink.)

Note: Most of the videos are on YouTube. When you play a YouTube video, YouTube automatically queues related videos that might be helpful as well.

Contents

  1. Guides to Concrete Pavement Preservation
  2. Preservation Concepts
  3. Specific Preservation Methods
  4. Online Training Modules re Preservation Topics

I. Guides to Concrete Pavement Preservation

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

300-page comprehensive and detailed guide on selecting, designing, and constructing cost-effective preservation treatments, with thorough discussion of preventive maintenance and preservation concepts.

Concrete Pavement Guide (2015, California DOT [Caltrans])

188-page comprehensive overview of current new concrete pavement construction-reconstruction, preservation, and rehabilitation strategies used by Caltrans; Parts III and IV focus on preservation and rehabilitation strategies

Cost-Effective Pavement Preservation Solutions for the Real World (2014, Minnesota DOT, Local Road Research Board)

82-page summary of pavement preservation activities and recommended uses, expected longevity, and expected pavement life extension, with tools and techniques to help local agencies evaluate costs, benefits, timing, longevity, and decision-making for developing an effective pavement preservation program

Pavement Preservation Checklist Series (no date, Federal Highway Administration)

15-booklet checklist series; nos. 6 through 14 cover concrete pavement preservation strategies

Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement: Extending Service Life of Existing Pavements (2013, Federal Highway Administration)

67-page guide providing overview of best rehabilitation practices for CRCP, including identifying distress mechanisms and selecting and implementing appropriate restoration and resurfacing solutions

Methods for Evaluating and Treating ASR-Affected Structures: Results of Field Application and Demonstration Projects – Volume I, Summary of Findings and Recommendations (2013, Federal Highway Administration)

Findings from study of ASR development and evaluation of mitigation measures; information regarding diagnosing and treating ASR-affected pavements is in Ch. 5 (page 45) and regarding implementation recommendations is in Ch. 6 (page 55)

Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity (AAR) Facts Book (2013, Federal Highway Administration)

224-page book with detailed information on AAR, including alkali-silica reaction and alkali-carbonate reaction; chapter 8 (177) provides information about mitigation methods for ASR-affected structures

South Dakota Pavement Preservation Guidelines (2010, South Dakota DOT)

79-page document describing treatments for both HMA and concrete pavements, with treatment selection guidelines (detailed strategies for rigid pavements begin with section 1-4.03 on page 51)

Jointed Plain Concrete Pavement Preservation and Rehabilitation Design Guide (2008, California DOT [Caltrans])

52-page guide to designing preservation and rehabilitation strategies for JPCPs

Texas DOT Pavement Design Manual, Chapter 10 (no date; Texas Department of Transportation)

Online manual, Chapter 10 of which is a thorough guide to selecting, designing, and constructing several types of rehabilitation strategies for rigid pavements.

Concrete Pavement Rehabilitation and Preservation Treatments (2005, Federal Highway Administration)

16-page overview of, with general instructions for constructing, six concrete pavement preservation techniques (a tech brief produced through FHWA's Concrete Pavement Technology Program [CPTP])

II. Preservation Concepts

Pavement Preservation Concepts

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 2 (page 7) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers preventive maintenance and preservation concepts

Pavement Maintenance – Prevention or Repair? (2013, Pavement Interactive; web page)

General overview of preventive maintenance concepts

California's Perspective on Concrete Pavement Preservation (no date, California Department of Transportation [Caltrans])

16-page general description of CalTrans perspective on diamond-grinding, dowel bar retrofits, and full-depth slab repair

WSDOT Pavement Preservation Guide for Local Agencies (2012, Washington State DOT)

105-page (25 pp with appendices) assessment of outreach and implementation needs for WS DOT Local Programs to improve pavement preservation

Videos

Concrete Preservation in Caltrans (2015, National Center for Pavement Preservation, from the Rocky Mountain West Pavement Preservation Partnership Annual Meeting, 12 min.)

Describes California DOT's general approach to concrete pavement preservation

Concrete Pavement Evaluation

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 3 (page 17) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers concrete pavement evaluation

Pavement Evaluation (2013, Pavement Interactive; 2 web pages)

General pavement evaluation information covering both asphalt and concrete pavements

Texas DOT Pavement Design Manual, Chapter 4 (no date; Texas Department of Transportation)

Online manual only, Chapter 4 of which is a thorough guide to pavement evaluation

Concrete Pavement Guide, Chapter 100 and Chapter 110 (2015, California DOT [CalTrans])

Chapter 100 introduces concrete pavement management strategies and concepts; chapter 110 describes steps in strategy selection process

Videos

Pavement Condition Index Survey (2015, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1 min).

Brief overview of one county's approach to automated collection of street and road condition data

Pavement Data Collection (2015, City of Arvada, 4 min)

Brief overview of a city's approach to automated collection of street condition data

Preventive Maintenance: Project Selection – Right Road, Right Treatment, Right Time (2010, Federal Highway Administration, 29 min.)

Overview of preventive maintenance philosophy; examples tend to focus on asphalt pavements and solutions

Effective Pavement Preservation by Identifying Distress Conditions, Causes and Cures (2010, Federal Highway Administration [with Ohio organizations], 17 min.)

Overview of distress identification for both concrete and asphalt pavements and appropriate treatments for various kinds of distress; rigid pavement information begins at about 8:43

III. Specific Preservation Methods

Slab Stabilization and Slab Jacking

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 4 (page 63) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers slab stabilization and slab jacking (chapter 4, page 63)

What is Slabjacking? (no date, ConcreteNetwork.com)

Online-only overview of how slabjacking fixes sunken concrete, with specific instructions for conducting slabjacking, and brief sections on causes of concrete sinking and how to prevent it

Field Guide to Concrete Repair Application Procedures, Slabjacking (no date, American Concrete Institute ACI RAP Bulletin 11)

7-page detailed description of when slabjacking is needed and how it is performed

Mudjacking (Slab Jacking) (no date, by Missouri DOT Maintenance; section 570.5 of MoDOT Engineering Policy Guide)

Thorough description of how to perform mudjacking, materials and equipment to use, etc.

Videos

Slab Jacking Warehouse Concrete Slab with Spray Polyurethane Foam (2012, Chicagoland Spray Foam, 3:35 min.)

Shows steps in process, without narration

Slab Jacking (2015, Atlas Restoration LLC, 2:22 min.)

Shows, in general, how slab jacking works plus several (mostly residential) applications, without narration

Slab Jacking (no date, Hayard Baker Geotechnical Construction, 30 sec.)

Click on "Animation," which illustrates basic technique on a roadway, without narration

Partial-Depth Repairs

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 5 (page 79) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers PDRs

Guide for Partial-Depth Repair of Concrete Pavements (2012, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

46-page guide to selecting, design, and constructing PDRs, with QC and troubleshooting information

Guidelines for Partial Depth Repair in Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement (2012, Texas DOT and Federal Highway Administration, via Texas Tech University)

30-page report describing distress evaluation and PDR construction; many photos of pavement distresses and construction processes

Partial-Depth Repairs for Concrete Pavements MAP Brief 7-2 (2011, Federal Highway Administration)

4-page tech brief covering types of distresses for PDRs, plus materials and construction information

Partial Depth Repairs (no date, Federal Highway Administration)

7-section, online guidelines to selecting, designing, and constructing PDRs, with performance and cost information

Videos

Concrete Pavement Restoration – Type B Repairs (aka Partial-Depth Repairs) (2012, Minnesota DOT, 6:50 min.)

Step-by-step demonstration of PDR procedures on many distressed sections of pavement

Full-Depth Repairs

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 6 (page 109) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers FDRs

Full-Depth Repairs (no date, Federal Highway Administration)

7-section, online guidelines to selecting, designing, and constructing FDRs, with performance and cost information

Full-Depth Repairs for Concrete Pavements MAP Brief (2012, Federal Highway Administration)

4-page tech brief covering project selection, materials and construction of FDRs

Precast Concrete Pavements MAP Brief (2011, Federal Highway Administration)

4-page tech brief covering use of precast concrete slabs

Full-Depth Repair of Portland Cement Concrete Pavements (2005, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-IF-03-043, no. __ in the the Pavement Preservation Checklist Series)

16-page booklet presenting checklist for maintenance and inspection staff regarding construction of FDRs, with list of problems/solutions

Videos

Concrete Pavement Restoration – Type C-3D Repairs (2013, Minnesota DOT, 9:55 min.)

Step-by-step demonstration of FDR procedures on many distressed sections of pavement

Concrete Rehabilitation – Type-D Repairs (2013, Minnesota DOT, 8:45 min.)

Step-by-step demonstration of full-panel or multiple panel replacement

Retrofitted Edge Drains

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 7 (page 141) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers retrofitted edge drains

Dowel Bar Retrofit, Cross Stitching, and Slot Stitching

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 8 (page 161) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers dowel bar retrofitting, cross stitching, and slot stitching

Concrete Pavement Guide, Chapter 330 (2015, California DOT [CalTrans])

Chapter 330 describes project selection for dowel bar retrofits

Dowel Bar Retrofit Construction Practices (2010, Pavement Interactive)

Detailed, step-by-step online how-to guide

Texas DOT Pavement Design Manual, Chapter 10, Section 7 (no date; Texas Department of Transportation)

Online manual only, Chapter 10 – Section 7 of which is a thorough guide to dowel bar retrofits

Texas DOT Pavement Design Manual, Chapter 10, Section 6 (no date; Texas Department of Transportation)

Online manual only, Chapter 10 – Section 6 of which is a thorough guide to stitching

Dowel Bar Retrofit – Do's and Don'ts (2009, Washington State DOT WA-RD 576.2)

60-page how-to guide for dowel bar retrofits

IGGA Guide Specification: Dowel Bar Retrofit (2013, International Grooving & Grinding Association)

7-page standard developed by IGGA specifies procedures for construction of dowel bar retrofit on concrete pavements

Videos

IGGA 2012 National Pavement Preservation Conference – Dowel Bar Retrofit (2012, International Grooving & Grinding Association, 3:16 min.

On-site demonstration of process for constructing dowel bar retrofit

Diamond Grinding and Grooving

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 9 (page 187) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers diamond grinding and grooving

Concrete Pavement Rehabilitation Guide for Diamond Grinding (no date, Federal Highway Administration)

Online document covering design, construction, performance, and cost re diamond grinding, as well as a generic guide specification

Diamond Grinding to Reduce Tire-Pavement Noise in Concrete Pavements MAP Brief 4-1 (2009, Federal Highway Administration)

4-page tech brief describing uses for, and tips for optimizing, diamond grinding

IGGA Guide Specification – Diamond Grinding for Pavement Preservation (2010, International Grooving & Grinding Association)

5-page standard that specifies procedures for operations of continuous diamond grinding to achieve desired pavement surface characteristics

IGGA Concrete Pavement Surface Restoration Fact Sheet (no date, International Grooving & Grinding Association)

2-page tech brief comparing diamond grinding and carbide milling, and the uses of diamond grinding

Videos

Concrete Texture-Planing (Diamond Grinding) (2013, Minnesota DOT, 2:53 min.)

Demonstrations and illustrations of correct process for diamond grinding

Diamond Grinding on Concrete Road Surfaces (2012, Australia's Roads & Traffic Authority)

Overview of how diamond grinding works and its benefits

Evaluation of the Benefits of Diamond Grinding of CRC Pavements (2012, Texas DOT, 4:10 min)

Review of long-term benefits of grooving pavement via diamond grinding, with video of a Fort Worth project

Joint Resealing and Crack Sealing

Documents

Concrete Pavement Preservation Guide, 2nd edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; sponsored by FHWA and also available via FHWA-HIF-14-004)

Chapter 10 (page 209) of this comprehensive guide thoroughly covers joint resealing and crack sealing

Joint Sealing Portland Cement Concrete Pavements (2002, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-IF-03-003, no. 6 in the Pavement Preservation Checklist Series)

20-page booklet presenting checklist for maintenance and inspection staff regarding proper joint (re)sealing

Sealing Joints (no date, ConcreteNetwork.com)

Online document listing considerations when sealing or filling concrete joints (reference is to new pavements, but info is good for resealing as well)

Videos

Concrete Rehabilitation – Type A Repairs (PCC Crack and Joint Sealing) (2013, Minnesota DOT, 6:43 min.)

Rehabilitation methods used by MnDOT for joint and crack (re)sealing

Texas Concrete Sealing – Control & Expansion Joint (2013, Texas Curb Cut, 1:19 min.)

Concrete Overlays

Documents

Guide To Concrete Overlays: Sustainable Solutions for Resurfacing and Rehabilitating Existing Pavements, 3rd Edition (2014, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

163-page document providing a thorough discussion of all aspects and considerations regarding constructing concrete overlays for pavement preservation and rehabilitation

Guide Specifications for Concrete Overlays (2016 revision, National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

32-page document providing guidance for development of project specifications for concrete overlay projects

Guide to the Design of Concrete Overlays Using Existing Methodologies (2012, Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

75-page document providing , detailed guidance for the design of concrete overlays [Dale, I added this one to the list]

Performance History of Concrete Overlays in the United States (2014, Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

30-page overview of the long-term performance of concrete overlays in this country, with 12 specific case histories.

Preservation and Rehabilitation of Urban Concrete Pavements Using Thin Concrete Overlays: Solutions for Joint Deterioration in Cold Weather States (2014, Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University)

41-page guide to designing and constructing thin concrete overlays as a longer-term (15 years or more) preservation solutions for concrete pavements with prematurely deteriorating joints.

Multi-Year Concrete Overlays Program: What We Have Accomplished and Learned, MAP Brief (2012, Federal Highway Administration

4-page tech brief describing accomplishments and lessons learned in recent years about constructing successful concrete overlays

Spirit of St. Louis Airport Concrete Overlay, MAP Brief (2015, Federal Highway Administration)

3-page overview of one of the first and largest concrete overlay projects in the country at the Spirit of St. Louis Airport

Design of the Times: Thin Concrete Overlays (2008, American Concrete Pavement Association, TS240.1P)

2-page overview of overlay design features, keys to success, and cost benefits

Thin Whitetopping – the Colorado Experience (no date, Federal Highway Administration, Concrete Pavement Technology Program (CPTP))

8-page tech brief on Colorado's experience with thin whitetopping, aka concrete overlays

Videos

Concrete Overlays of Asphalt Parking Lots (2015, National Ready Mix Concrete Association, 28:15 min.)

Step-by-step video of parking lot overlay process, plus discussion based on publication developed by National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University

Concrete Overlay Demo (2010, Maryland State Highway Administration, Maryland Ready Mix Concrete Association, American Concrete Pavement Association, 6:37 min.)

Demonstration of fast-track concrete overlay project in traffic conditions, simulated in a parking lot, appropriate for a successful resurfacing project in either an intersection, highway, or secondary roadway

ND DOT – Whitetopping Utilized on ND Roads (2012, ND DOT, 1:52 min.)

Overview of ND DOT's rationale and benefits re the use of concrete overlays to extend the life of roads

Ultra-Thin Whitetopping Project, Lombard, Illinois (2010, Public Works Magazine, 6:49 min.)

Rationale and details re construction of concrete overlay on an urban asphalt street (Chicago suburb)

IV. Online Training Modules re Preservation Topics

PCC Pavement Preservation Series (2014, AASHTO's Transportation Curriculum Council [TC3] in partnership with National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University; 14 hours total all modules)

Presents current guidelines for selecting, designing, and constructing cost-effective preservation strategies.

  • Module 1: Preventive Maintenance and Pavement Preservation Concepts
  • Module 2: Concrete Pavement Evaluation
  • Module 3: Slab Stabilization and Slab Jacking
  • Module 4: Partial-Depth Repairs
  • Module 5: Full-Depth Repairs
  • Module 6: Retrofitted Edge Drains
  • Module 7: Load Transfer Restoration
  • Module 8: Diamond Grinding and Grooving
  • Module 9: Joint Resealing and Crack Sealing
  • Module 10: Concrete Overlays
  • Module 11: Strategy Selection

User notes:

  • Users must login to register, then scroll down to "PCC" section.
  • Register for one module at a time or (most cost effective) for all courses at once (you can select individual modules at your own pace).
  • TC3 web-based trainings are FREE for employees of state DOTs that contribute annually to the TC3 technical service program.